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Improvement in access to bare necessities but disparities continue: Eco Survey

Improvement in access to bare necessities but disparities continue: Eco Survey

Government needs to design appropriate strategies and undertake effective targeting to minimise the disparities that exist between rural and urban India in accessing bare necessities including water, housing, sanitation and other facilities, the Economic Survey 2020-21 said. This will help India achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030, it said.

As per the Survey, while improvements in access to bare necessities are evident, the disparities in access to bare necessities continue to exist between rural-urban, among income groups and also across states. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman tabled the Economic Survey 2020-21 in Parliament on Friday.

“Government schemes, such as the Jal Jeevan Mission, SBM-G, PMAY-G, may design appropriate strategies to address these gaps to enable India achieve the SDG goals of reducing poverty, improving access to drinking water, sanitation and housing by 2030,” it said.

“There should be effective targeting of the needier population be they in urban or rural areas or across states,” the Survey said.

According to the Survey, there must be effective convergence in scheme implementation at the Centre-State and local levels. “For this purpose, a Bare Necessity Index (BNI) based on large annual household survey data can be constructed using suitable indicators and methodology at district level for all/ targeted districts to assess the progress on access to bare necessities,” the Survey suggested.

As per the BNI developed for the Survey comparing 2012 and 2018 data, access to bare necessities in 2018 was highest in Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Uttrakhand, Delhi, Goa, Mizoram and Sikkim while it was the lowest in Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Tripura.

The states which showed improvements over six years under consideration include Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and North East states except for Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya.

The highest access to bare necessities in 2018 in rural India was recorded in Punjab, Kerala, Sikkim, Goa and Delhi, while the lowest was reported in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Manipur and Tripura.

In urban India, while no state has the lowest level of BNI in 2018, the states showing improvement over 2012 include Uttarakhand, J&K, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur.

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